There are five basic types of healthy skin that are normal skin, dry skin, oily skin, combination skin, and sensitive skin. As skin type is determined by genetics, the condition of our skin varies according to the various internal and external environmental factors affected by hormonal, climatic, or dietary changes. Every skin type is different and has its own characteristics.
1. Normal skin
Normal skin is neither too oily nor too dry and It has balanced sebum production and good blood circulation. Hence it is referred to as well-balanced skin. Normal skin is healthy and well hydrated and makes sebum to hydrate the skin. Normal skin varies from person to person and is healthy skin. ‘Normal’ is a term widely used to refer to well-balanced skin and hence it is termed as eudermic. Normal skin has a soft and smooth texture. Normal skin is usually healthy and radiant skin. Normal skin has fine pores, good circulation, and has no blemishes, and is not sensitive.
2. Oily skin
Oily skin is prone to acne breakouts and appears greasy due to excess sebum production. Oily skin is described as a skin type with highlighted sebum having glossy shine and visible pores and the overproduction of sebum is known as seborrhea. A number of issues that prompt the overproduction of sebum are hormonal changes, medications, stress, genetics, hormonal imbalances, and cosmetics.
Oily skin is generally characterized by large and clearly visible pores with acne production. Oily skin appears glossy shine and is more prone to blackheads and whiteheads appearance and forms acne. Oily skin type people get troubled with acne on almost most of the body parts that are recurrently on the neck, shoulders, back, and chest. Oily skin has more active oil glands that produce sebum. They secrete more oil than usual even when applied with any product.
3. Dry Skin
Dry skin is covered with a layer of all dead skin cells. It is determined by flaky and rough texture and at times causes skin irritation and also makes it look dull. As it produces less sebum as unable to retain moisture to the skin. Dry skin appears dull and lifeless. Sun exposures, hot showers, over-exfoliation are the elements that lead to dry skin. The important thing with dry skin people is to keep their skin hydrated, as hydration will make them look younger, plumper, and radiant. Dry skin is indicated by the feeling of tightness and rough skin. Elder people have more wrinkles and lines with dry skin. Many internal and external factors affect the ability of skin hydration. Dry skin feels tight, brittle, and looks dull.
Dry skin may vary from person to person. It can be from dry skin to very dry skin. If dry skin is not moisturized it can become drier flaky, rough, and cause possible itching and cause more irritation, and redness. Dry skin develops more risk of infection. Extremely dry causes chapping, frequent itching, and roughness of the skin as cracked heels. Skin appears dry due to genetics, long showers, age, etc, this factor affects skin dryness.
4. Combination skin
As a word defines, combination skin is a mixture of oily skin and dry skin. In combination skin, the T-zone is oily and the cheeks are dry. Combination skin can be identified by oily T-zone that is the forehead, nose, chin, and dry cheeks. The skin is sensitive to sun damage whereas the skin becomes oilier than other skin types when you step out in sunlight. Combination skin appears shiny, the pores appear large and open, breakouts occur on oily areas of the face. To get relief from combination skin, you need to incorporate some good skincare routines like using foaming cleansers, exfoliation, wearing sunscreen.
5. Sensitive skin
Sensitive skin reacts more than normal skin and gets easily irritated with any products or environmental factors is referred to as sensitive skin. Sensitive skin is vulnerable to heat, redness, gets dry in winters, skin feels itchy and tight, becomes oily in summers, and has an uneven texture. Sensitive skin becomes red after a hot shower.
Always have a patch test before using any product when you have sensitive skin. Avoid using many products on your face when you have sensitive skin. Never do too much of a skincare routine and use harsh products on your face. Sensitive skin is more prone to inflammation.
Some tips for skincare routine
No matter what the skin type is, following some skincare routine can protect the health of your skin and makes the skin give a natural glowing look.
- Always keep yourself hydrated
- Apply sunscreen whenever stepping out in direct sunlight.
- Always wear protective clothing and sunglasses when coming in direct sunlight.
- Always moisturize your skin and wash your skin regularly with a suitable cleanser as per your skin type
- Always drink 7 to 8 ounces of water to keep yourself hydrated.
- Have a healthy diet and start eating leafy vegetables and fruits.
Many factors like internal and external factors affect the health of the skin. Knowing your skin type has become very important to maintain the health of your skin and also to choose the right products to help maintain a skincare routine. Every skin type has its own importance and function. But normal skin type is the luckiest of all. Hence there are many products and skincare routines that can help other skin types too.