When it comes to skincare, many of us want to utilize and purchase the best products for our skin but don't know “how”. Understanding your skin type will help you identify items that perform effectively for you and battle your worries without causing any harm or adverse effects in today's market, which is inundated with goods customised for various skin kinds.
Misdiagnosis of your skin type can irritate your skin and cause irritations such as excessive oil production, breakouts, acne, and even dryness. While everyone's skin is different, they can be genetically divided into four groups.
In order to determine the skin type, there is a simple procedure that should be completed first.
Step 1: Wash your face in the morning using a gentle cleanser. Make sure it is a mild formula that is not very harsh on the skin.
Step 2: Pat the face with a soft napkin and leave it.
Step 3: Avoid applying any products on the skin for one hour or so.
Step 4: Spread a clean tissue on the skin and dab gently.
Step 5: Take a look at the tissue and check the face as well.
This test reveals one of the following:
If the tissue tends to feel tight and dry, It means that you have dry skin. Often, some flakes can also be seen on the tissue. Dry skin can feel tight throughout the day and flake easily. Genetics, environmental variables such as lifestyle and diet, hormone fluctuations, and climate all contribute to dry skin. Drinking lots of water and avoiding diuretics like alcohol and coffee can make a big impact on how the skin feels and appears.
Exfoliating on a daily basis using moderate, non-abrasive substances promotes skin cell turnover without stripping the skin of its natural oils. Serums and treatments will absorb more readily if there is no additional layer of dead skin. Because of their propensity to attract water, moisturisers containing hyaluronic acid which are typically labelled as sodium hyaluronate in ingredients, glycerin, and marine actives like algae are the best for dry skin.
Usually, if a person has oily skin, their skin tends to feel bare and have a glossy shine. The tissue paper appears to be smudged and stained with oil.
Excess oil can clog pores and make them look clogged. However, because oily skin has more natural moisture and is less prone to wrinkles, it seems younger and more supple.
To stimulate cell turnover and avoid sebum buildup in pores, daily enzymatic exfoliation is required. A light physical exfoliant, one that does not contain abrasives like crushed nuts or seeds, which can create microscopic tears in the dermis, can also help to balance the skin's tone and texture.
PIH also known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, a disorder that produces dark patches on the skin after a breakout has healed, is more common in oilier skin. Exfoliation can also help remove dark spots by removing the top layers of skin and revealing the deeper layers beneath.
The skin tends to feel greasy on the T-zone and the nose will be shining, whereas the cheeks may feel normal or dry. In this, the tissue will be blotted in the shape of T, mirroring the T-zone of the face.
Dryness on the cheeks is common in people with mixed skin, so it's vital to select a moisturiser that's not too heavy but still holds moisture where it's needed the most. Combination skin is less likely to break out on the cheeks and has a well-hydrated t-zone.
Exfoliating the t-zone and cheek areas gently on a daily basis is also vital to maintain equilibrium. Gel-like moisturisers absorb faster and are less prone to cause outbreaks. To avoid over-moisturizing and straining the skin, start with a tiny amount and build up as needed.
For people with normal skin, the skin does not feel too dry or too oily. Moreover, the tissue appears to be clear and even throughout.
If your skin isn't extremely oily or dry, and you don't have any recurring skin issues or conditions, it's considered "normal." This skin type is well-balanced and healthy, with even moisture and hydration levels, a homogeneous texture, and no visible problem areas.
How to Choose Skincare Products?
Choose according to skin type:
Oily type - Excess sebum production is the operative term when it comes to oily skin. Use Benzoyl Peroxide and alpha hyaluronic acid-containing treatments to combat this. The latter aids in skin hydration. The best face moisturiser for oily skin is mild, non-comedogenic, and contains sunscreen.
Dry skin - Dry skin is more suited to cream and ointment than it is to lotion. It is less irritating, and jojoba oil, shea butter, or lactic acid-based lotions are your greatest friends. These are the ingredients in the finest moisturiser for dry skin.
Sensitive skin - The fewer components the product contains, the better for sensitive skin. Aloe, chamomile, green tea, and even shea butter are some of the best ingredients for this skin type.
Check the active ingredients and expiry date
When reading the label of a product you want to buy, look for the active ingredients. All of the components are listed in order of decreasing concentration. And, as a general rule, concentrate on the top five constituents, which account for 80% of the whole mixture. If you decide to buy the product, be sure the ingredients you're looking for are among the top five. When you're looking over the list of active ingredients, don't forget to look at the expiration date. Some items have a 12-, 24-, or 36-month shelf life after they are opened.
Avoid buying without a patch test
If you're buying something from the store, don't skimp on the patch test. A patch test is required before purchasing a product because it will give you an idea of how successful it will be. It's not right for you if it irritates your skin or clogs your pores.
The demands of our skin can change over time, so it's important to take the time to figure out what they are so that they can function and look their best. Keeping your skin's health in mind and "checking in" on a frequent basis to see whether any changes to your present regimen are required can maintain it balanced and lovely.
Always keep in mind that you don't need to use a lot of products to get results; all you need to do is discover the perfect ones for your skin type. Now that you know your skin type, you can select products created specifically for it for increased efficacy and results.