Skin tags are non-cancerous, painless growths on the skin. A short, slender stalk called a peduncle connects them to the skin. Skin tags are very common in both men and women after the age of 50.
They can appear anywhere on your body, but they're more common in areas where your skin folds, like the:
- Dark circles
Causes of Skin Tags
It is not clear exactly what causes skin tags, but it may happen when clusters of collagen and blood vessels become trapped inside thicker pieces of skin. As they are more common in skin creases or folds, they may be mainly caused by skin rubbing against skin.
Some people appear to inherit an increased susceptibility to skin tags. Skin tags affect people both males and females, but they happen more often during pregnancy, in people who are obese, and in people with diabetes. They have been associated with hyperinsulinemia when there is too much insulin circulating in the blood. They've been linked to hyperinsulinemia, which occurs when the blood contains too much insulin.
Skin tags tend to be more common in the following areas:
- Obese and overweight individuals
- Diabetic patients
- Related to hormonal changes and increased amounts of growth hormones in women during pregnancy
- People infected with certain strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV)
- People with a sex-steroid imbalance, especially if their oestrogen and progesterone levels are fluctuating
- Those who have skin tags, as do members of their immediate family
- Hypertension or high blood pressure
- High cholesterol levels
Skin Tags Removal
Skin tags that are too small to see may fall out on their own. However, The majority of skin tags remain adhered to the skin. Skin tags, in general, do not require treatment. You can have skin tags removed if they hurt or disturb you.
The skin tags may be removed by your doctor using the following methods:
- Cryotherapy involves using liquid nitrogen to freeze the skin tag.
- Surgical removal: using scissors or a scalpel to remove the skin tag.
- Electrosurgery is the process of removing a skin tag using high-frequency electrical energy.
Ligation is the process of removing a skin tag by tying it off with surgical thread.
The removal of tiny skin tags normally does not necessitate anaesthesia. When removing big or many skin tags, your doctor may use a local anaesthetic. To get rid of skin tags, you can also use natural therapies. Tea tree oil, apple cider vinegar, and lemon juice are examples of these. Keep in mind that these therapies are backed up by no scientific data. Attempting to remove skin tags on your own is not a smart idea.
Many websites provide DIY skin tag removal procedures, such as tying them off with rope or using a chemical peel. Removing skin tags, even in a sterile atmosphere, can result in bleeding, burns, and infection. It's advisable to delegate the task to your doctor.
Home Remedies to Treat Skin Tags
- Tea tree oil: Tea tree oil is safe to use on the skin because it has antiviral and antifungal effects. Wash the affected area first. Then gently rub the oil over the skin tag with a Q-tip or cotton swab. Overnight, cover the area with a bandage. Rep this procedure for a few nights till the tag dries out and slips out.
- Banana peel: Don't throw out old banana peels, especially if they have a skin tag. A banana peel can also be used to help dry out a skin tag. Cover the tag with a piece of banana peel and secure it with a bandage. Repeat every night until the tag falls off.
- Apple cider vinegar: After soaking a cotton swab in apple cider vinegar, apply it over the skin tag. Wrap the affected area with a bandage for 15 to 30 minutes before washing it. Repeat every day for a few weeks.
Apple cider vinegar's acidity tears down the tissue that surrounds the skin tag, causing it to slip off.
- Vitamin E: Skin tags may be caused by ageing. Because vitamin E is an antioxidant that fights wrinkles and keeps the skin healthy, putting liquid vitamin E on a skin tag could make it disappear in a few days. Simply massage the tag and surrounding skin with the oil until it falls off.
- Garlic: Garlic reduces inflammation, which helps to improve the appearance of the skin. Apply crushed garlic to a skin tag and cover the area with a bandage overnight to get rid of it naturally. In the morning, wash the area. Rep till the skin tag has shrunk and vanished.
Removal Aftercare Tips
Skin tag removal seldom results in infections or problems. Following removal, some patients develop a scar, which may fade over time. As a precaution, apply antibiotic ointment to the affected region after removing a skin tag at home. As a result, the risk of infection is reduced. If the region becomes painful or bleeds, see your doctor.
If you're having a medical procedure to remove a skin tag, your doctor may tell you to leave the wound dry for at least 48 hours before gently bathing it with soap and water. Your doctor may also schedule a follow-up appointment to examine the area and, if necessary, remove any stitches.
Skin tags are normally innocuous, so there's no need to cure them unless they irritate you. Although home cures and over-the-counter medications are effective and inexpensive, if a skin tag does not respond to home therapy, bleeds, or continues to spread, visit your doctor. A skin tag can be successfully removed with minimal discomfort and scarring using a variety of methods.