Acne Vulgaris- Cause, Sysmtorms & Treatment

Acne Vulgaris- Cause, Sysmtorms & Treatment

Welcome to our captivating journey into the realm of acne vulgaris, an age-old skin condition that has plagued countless individuals throughout history. Bursting with curiosity, we embark on a quest to unravel the enigmatic causes behind this unwelcome visitor, explore the telltale signs it leaves in its wake, and discover the secrets to banishing its presence. From ancient remedies to modern breakthroughs, join us as we delve into the depths of this fascinating topic, aiming to demystify acne vulgaris and empower you with knowledge to reclaim your skin's radiance.

What is Acne Vulgaris?

Acne vulgaris, commonly known as acne, is a prevalent skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It primarily manifests as the formation of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and, in severe cases, cysts and nodules on the skin. Acne vulgaris typically occurs during adolescence, although it can also affect adults of all ages.

What Causes Acne?

Here are the main factors that contribute to the development of acne:

  • Excessive sebum (oil) production by the sebaceous glands.
  • The Buildup of dead skin cells, which can clog the hair follicles.
  • The Proliferation of the bacterium Propionibacterium acnes within clogged follicles.
  • Inflammation is triggered by the immune response to bacterial activity.
  • Hormonal changes, especially during puberty, menstrual cycles, or hormonal * imbalances.
  • Certain medications or cosmetic products that can clog pores or irritate the skin.
  • Genetic predisposition, as acne can run in families.
  • Psychological tension, can worsen existing acne or contribute to its development.
  • Environmental factors, such as humidity and exposure to pollutants.
  • Friction or pressure on the skin from helmets, tight clothing, or excessive touching/picking of the face.

Acne Vulgaris Symptoms

Here are the common symptoms of acne vulgaris:

  • Formation of comedones (non-inflammatory lesions) such as whiteheads and blackheads.
  • Development of inflammatory lesions, including papules (small red bumps), pustules (pus-filled lesions), and nodules (large, painful bumps).
  • Redness and swelling around acne lesions.
  • Presence of cysts, which are deep, pus-filled nodules beneath the skin's surface.
  • Oily or greasy skin.
  • Formation of acne scars or hyperpigmentation after lesions heal.
  • Possible itchiness or tenderness in affected areas.
  • Acne primarily occurs on the face, but it can also appear on the chest, back, shoulders, and neck.

How to Treat Acne Vulgaris?

To treat acne vulgaris, options include:

Topical Medications:

Creams or gels contain ingredients like benzoyl peroxide or retinoids to unclog pores and reduce inflammation.

Oral Medications: 

Antibiotics or hormonal treatments are prescribed by a dermatologist for severe cases.

Combination Therapy: 

Using multiple topical or oral medications for enhanced effectiveness.

Professional Procedures: 

Dermatological procedures like chemical peels or light therapy improve symptoms and minimise scarring.

Lifestyle Changes: 

Maintaining a regular skincare routine, avoiding triggers, and adopting a healthy lifestyle with proper diet and tension management.

How to Prevent Acne?

To prevent acne, follow these captivating strategies:

  • Maintain a consistent skincare routine with gentle cleansing and non-comedogenic products.
  • Avoid touching your face to minimise the transfer of bacteria and oils.
  • Manage tension levels through relaxation techniques and self-care practices.
  • Eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while minimising sugary and greasy foods.
  • Stay hydrated, protect your skin from the sun, and embrace an active lifestyle. Unveil your skin's natural radiance by implementing these captivating preventive measures.

Take Away

In our exploration of acne vulgaris, we unravelled its origins, recognized its symptoms, and discovered effective treatments. Armed with this knowledge, we can now confidently pursue clearer skin. By adopting a tailored skincare routine, making lifestyle adjustments, and seeking professional guidance, we can conquer acne and embrace our inner beauty. Let's embark on this transformative journey towards radiant, blemish-free skin.


Q: What is the main cause of acne vulgaris?

A: The main cause of acne vulgaris is a combination of factors, including excess sebum production, clogged hair follicles, bacteria, inflammation, and hormonal influences.

Q: Is acne vulgaris due to hormonal imbalance?

A: Yes, hormonal imbalances, particularly during puberty, menstrual cycles, or certain medical conditions, can contribute to the development or worsening of acne vulgaris.

Q: What should I avoid if I have acne vulgaris?

A: If you have acne vulgaris, it is recommended to avoid triggers such as greasy cosmetics, comedogenic skincare products, excessive face touching, and potential dietary triggers like high glycemic index foods or dairy products


What Acne Vulgaris Looks Like and How to Treat It, By Joan Oleck, on December 20, 2019

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