Periods or Menstruation
Periods are nothing but the menstrual cycle of women’s life also known as menstruation. Everyone knows Periods are a part of every woman’s health and life. Usually, the average menstrual cycle of most women lasts 28 – 35 days. Our body changes a lot throughout the menstrual cycle from mood swings, cramps, cravings for food to many more things. Just as your mood and hormones fluctuate throughout the menstrual cycle, you might experience breakouts and various skin types from oily skin to dry skin.
Many of you may have heard that a breakout or pimple on your face or body indicates the onset of a period as your skin undergoes many hormonal fluctuations during your menstrual cycle.
Your menstrual cycle has four phases: menstrual phase, Follicular phase, Ovulation phase, and Luteal phase.
Each phase influences your skin differently. Skin is more prone to pimples during periods. There are various hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle. Let’s describe below:
What happens to the skin during period and what hormones affect the skin?
As estrogen is low during the first week of the menstrual cycle your skin requires maintenance and more alert towards your skincare routine along with regular cleaning and moisturizing. Your skincare routines must be adjusted accordingly. During menstrual cycles, most people experience that skin undergoes different changes from dryness to oiliness.
The skin becomes the most problematic during your period and it is time when you experience period-related pimples and acne. During the menstrual cycle sebum builds up underneath the skin surface which causes the appearance of oily skin.
The hormone fluctuation during the period causes oily skin which involves an imbalance of multiple hormones like progesterone, estrogen, and testosterone. These hormones control your body’s natural oil and lead to the appearance of dry skin.
Acne is caused by changes in hormonal levels, and progesterone is the hormone that plays a vital role in acne and pimple formation. You may experience pimples on the forehead, nose, back, and other body parts during periods. Progesterone is the hormone that causes breakouts by closing skin pores, building up sebum underneath the surface of the skin.
Estrogen is the hormone that causes changes in skin by influencing its thickness and texture. Estrogen is responsible to make your skin look younger as it produces hyaluronic acid. Estrogen along with your skin affects energy level too.
Testosterone hormone is always lower in females than males. If it is more in females it produces pimples and acne, increased muscle mass, and deepening of the voice.
How to treat Your Skin during periods?
Period skincare tips:
When you are on your menstrual cycle skin becomes dry, levels of both the hormones that are progesterone and estrogen are low. This is the time when your skin requires extra routine care to rehydrate it and bring back the moisture to your skin.
Dealing with menstrual acne is the most important thing during periods. The occurrence of acne begins due to increased sebum production, which ends up leaving pimples caused by bacteria. Hence, extra attention is required.
During this Wash your face twice daily with lukewarm water and follow a skincare routine that moisturizes your skin and a face wash to keep bacteria at bay.
- Clean your face twice a day: If you get tired of using foaming cleansers or facewash multiple times a week, at least start following twice a day during your period days. The hormones during your cycle produce sebum which is a natural oil that makes your skin appear more oily. So following foaming cleansers twice a day can keep pimples and menstrual acne from forming.
- When you menstruate, you are affected by a wide range of conditions and illnesses causing skin issues like cystic acne that is period acne, blemishes, and scarring to your skin. At this, You should receive hormonal therapy from your healthcare provider. They may prescribe you some medications and supplements to deal with your period cramp and period acne.
- You can get facial treatments 10 days prior to your periods beginning that can prevent you from period-related skin issues as your skin is less vulnerable to damage.
- You should avoid carbs and sugars from your diet during your periods as it will prevent acne breakouts.
- Minimize the use of makeup when you are on your periods as it will help you to keep your skin hydrated and moisturized without overloading it with heavy products.
- Foods rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, Vitamin E, and antioxidants are simply superb for your skin and prevent acne formation during your menstrual cycle. Have diet and supplements such as flax seeds, vegetable oils, etc which help in reducing inflammation, keep your skin smooth supple, moisturized, and slow down aging.
- Drink plenty of water and keep your body moisturized avoiding it to produce oil that leads to the formation of acne. When your skin is moisturized, you will keep pimples at bay.
- Always use tissue paper or blotting paper to clean extra oil from your face when on periods.
- Use foaming face wash especially when you have oily skin as hormonal fluctuations already cause oil secretion which tends to make your skin oilier. So be kind to yourself and drink plenty of water while menstruating to help keep skin clear.
Your menstrual cycle influences your mood, energy levels, and the condition of your hair, body, and skin. Feeling sick during this time is a very common thing. During your Menstrual cycle experience many changes from hormonal to skin-related changes. Your skin either becomes drier or oilier with every phase of the cycle. Following your diet and skincare routine is the best during this time.