Menstruation Problems

Menstruation Problems

In a world where we openly discuss various health concerns, it's time we shed light on the challenges faced by millions of women during their monthly cycles. From excruciating cramps to irregular periods and hormonal imbalances, menstruation problems affect countless individuals and deserve our attention. Join us on this empowering journey as we unravel the mysteries, debunk myths, and provide practical solutions to help women reclaim control over their menstrual health. Let's break the taboo and embrace open conversations about menstruation problems like never before!

List of Menstrual Problems

Irregular periods: 

When a woman's menstrual cycle occurs outside the typical 28-day pattern, with variations in the length of the cycle or inconsistent timing between periods.

Heavy periods (menorrhagia): 

Excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding, often accompanied by the need to change sanitary products frequently and experiencing discomfort or anaemia.

Painful periods (dysmenorrhea): 

Severe menstrual cramps that can range from mild discomfort to debilitating pain, interfering with daily activities.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS): 

Physical and emotional symptoms experienced in the days leading up to menstruation, such as bloating, breast tenderness, mood swings, irritability, and fatigue.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD): 

A severe form of PMS characterised by intense emotional and physical symptoms that significantly impact a woman's quality of life.


The absence of menstrual periods, which can be classified as primary (when a girl hasn't started menstruating by age 16) or secondary (when a woman stops having periods for six months or more).

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): 

A hormonal disorder in which small cysts develop on the ovaries, leading to irregular periods, excess hair growth, acne, weight gain, and fertility issues.


A condition where the tissue lining the uterus grows outside the uterus, causing severe pelvic pain, heavy periods, and potential infertility.

Menstrual migraines: 

Headaches that occur in relation to the menstrual cycle, are often characterised by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and nausea.

Menopause-related changes: 

As women approach menopause, they may experience irregular periods, hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, and changes in genital health.

8 Types of Abnormal Menstruation


The absence of menstrual periods. It can be primary (failure to start menstruating by age 16) or secondary (when a woman stops having periods for six months or more).


Infrequent or irregular menstrual periods, with cycles longer than 35 days or with significant variability in cycle length.


Frequent menstrual periods occurring more frequently than the typical 28-day cycle, with intervals shorter than 21 days.


Heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, often requiring frequent changes of sanitary products and potentially leading to anaemia.


Irregular bleeding or spotting between periods, which can occur due to hormonal imbalances, uterine abnormalities, or certain medical conditions.


Painful menstrual periods, characterised by cramping sensations in the lower abdomen, back pain, and sometimes accompanied by nausea and headaches.


Abnormally light or scanty menstrual flow, where the duration and amount of bleeding are significantly reduced.


A combination of heavy, prolonged, and irregular menstrual bleeding, often accompanied by unpredictable spotting between periods.

Causes of Irregular Menstruation and Solutions

Causes of Irregular Menstruation:

Hormonal Imbalances: 

Fluctuations in hormone levels, particularly oestrogen and progesterone, can disrupt the regularity of menstrual cycles.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):  

A hormonal disorder characterised by the presence of small cysts on the ovaries, leading to irregular periods and other symptoms.

Thyroid Dysfunction: 

Imbalances in thyroid hormone levels can impact menstrual regularity.

Tension and Lifestyle Factors: 

High levels of tension, poor sleep, excessive exercise, and significant weight fluctuations can all contribute to irregular periods.

Medications and Medical Conditions: 

Certain medications, such as contraceptives or those used to treat specific health conditions, as well as underlying medical conditions like endometriosis, can affect menstrual regularity.

Solutions for Irregular Menstruation:

Healthy Lifestyle

Maintaining a balanced diet, managing tension, getting regular exercise, and ensuring adequate sleep can help regulate menstrual cycles.

Hormonal Birth Control: 

Certain contraceptive methods, such as combined oral contraceptives or hormonal intrauterine devices (IUDs), can help regulate periods.

Medical Treatment: 

In cases where underlying medical conditions are causing irregular menstruation, appropriate medical treatment targeted at the specific condition may be necessary.

Hormone Therapy: 

In some instances, hormone therapy prescribed by a healthcare professional can help balance hormone levels and regulate menstrual cycles.

Natural Remedies: 

Some individuals find relief from irregular periods through natural remedies like herbal supplements, acupuncture, or dietary changes, although the effectiveness may vary.

How to Get Regular Periods Naturally?

To promote regular periods naturally, focus on maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Eat a balanced diet, manage tension levels, engage in regular exercise, and ensure sufficient sleep. Maintain a healthy weight and limit caffeine and alcohol intake. Consider incorporating herbal remedies under professional guidance.

Take Away

Menstruation problems have long been shrouded in silence, but it's time to break the taboo and address them openly. From irregular periods and painful cramps to hormonal imbalances, these challenges affect countless women. By embracing open conversations, debunking myths, and seeking appropriate solutions, we can empower women to take control of their menstrual health. Let's support each other, break the silence, and pave the way for a more informed and compassionate approach to menstruation problems.


Q: Does irregular periods mean infertility?

A: Not necessarily. Irregular periods can indicate underlying fertility issues, but many women with irregular cycles can still conceive.

Q: How many types of period blood are there?

A: Menstrual blood can vary in colour and consistency, ranging from bright red to dark brown, but there aren't specific "types" of period blood.

Q: What does a very bad period mean?

A: A "very bad period" typically refers to experiencing severe symptoms like intense pain, heavy bleeding, or disruptive cramps during menstruation. It's important to consult a healthcare professional for evaluation and management options if you have consistently severe symptoms.


Menstrual Problems, By Kristeen Moore, on June 18, 2020

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