Causes, Prevention & Treatment for Ear Eczema

Causes, Prevention & Treatment for Ear Eczema

What is Eczema?

Eczema is a skin condition that causes inflamed, itchy, cracked, and rough areas of skin, but can be reduced using cream.

What is Ear Eczema?

Ear Eczema is a skin problem that results in itching around the ears, dry skin, and discolouration. It's not contagious, but if you have a family history of eczema, asthma, or allergies, you're more likely to have it.

Eczema (atopic dermatitis) affects the skin of the ears, causing it to become dry, discoloured, itchy, and rough. It can be found on the outside or inside of your ears. Eczema impacts negatively on the skin's barrier function. Your skin becomes more sensitive as a result, making it more susceptible to infection and dryness.

When it comes to psoriasis and ear eczema, what's the difference?

Ear eczema and psoriasis are two separate skin disorders. They differ in the location of the disease on your body, the amount of itching, and the appearance of the disease.

Psoriasis is a persistent skin condition, which means it doesn't go away. Psoriasis is characterised by thick, discoloured areas of skin that are coated in white or silvery scales.

The skin in, on, and around your ears is affected by ear eczema. Eczema itch is also more acute than psoriasis. Eczema and psoriasis affect a large number of individuals, particularly youngsters.

Symptoms

Atopic dermatitis symptoms vary based on a person's age and the complexity of the disease, as well as by person.

People with the illness will frequently have periods when their symptoms worsen, followed by periods when their symptoms improve or disappear.

The following are some of the signs and symptoms of ear eczema:

  • The skin is itchy.
  • Skin that is dry.
  • Rashes that are discoloured.
  • You have bumps on your skin.
  • Skin patches that are leathery.
  • Skin that is crusty.
  • Swelling.

Eczema in the ears isn't painful. If you scratch your ear eczema, though, you risk breaking your skin, which can lead to an infection and discomfort.

Eczema Causes

  • Eczema on the face or ear is caused by a mix of hereditary and environmental factors.
  • Genetics as chances becomes higher if parents have this issue
  • Soaps, detergents, shampoos, disinfectants, and juices from fresh fruits, meats, and vegetables are all irritants.
  • Dust mites, pets, pollens, and mould are all allergens that can cause eczema. 
  • Bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, viruses, and some fungi are examples of microbes.
  • Extremely hot and cold conditions, high and low humidity, and exercise-induced sweat can all aggravate eczema.
  • Foods that can aggravate eczema include dairy products, eggs, nuts and seeds, soy products, and wheat.
  • Although stress is not a direct cause of eczema, it can exacerbate the symptoms.
  • Hormones: When a woman's hormone levels change, such as during pregnancy or at particular periods throughout the menstrual cycle, she may notice an increase in eczema symptoms.

Types of Ear eczema

Eczema can appear everywhere on the body, even in the ears. Eczema may present itself in your ears in a variety of ways, including:

  • If you have allergic eczema (contact dermatitis), your immune system overreacts to mild irritants or allergens. Earrings, hair and skincare products, food, pollen, cell phones, and headphones are all common irritants and allergies.
  • Asteatotic eczema is a kind of eczema that affects persons over the age of 65. asteatotic eczema is triggered by changes in the weather or temperature, and it flares up more frequently in the winter. It can also be caused by harsh soaps, wool, and hair and skincare products.
  • Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin condition that affects the oily areas of the body, such as the ears, scalp, nose, and chest. Nobody knows what causes seborrheic dermatitis, although an excess of a type of yeast on your skin's surface might be the reason.

Is ear eczema contagious or spreadable?

Eczema of the ears is not communicable. Ear eczema cannot be passed from one person to another by skin-to-skin contact.

How can you lower the risk of ear eczema?

There are certain things you can do to help avoid ear eczema flare-ups:

  • Establish a skin-care regimen and adhere to your healthcare provider's suggestions for maintaining healthy skin.
  • Wool and silk are drying to the skin and should be avoided.
  • When bathing or showering, use a light soap and pat your skin dry rather than rubbing it. After drying your skin, use a moisturising lotion or ointment to help seal in the moisture. Two to three times a day, reapply the lotion or ointment.
  • Take lukewarm baths or showers rather than hot water.
  • Water keeps your skin hydrated, hence drink at least 2 litres per day.
  • Temperature and humidity fluctuations should be avoided at all costs.
  • Limit your exposure to common allergies and irritants.
  • Scratching or rubbing your sore skin is not a good idea.

Eczema treatment

Eczema has no remedy at the moment. The goal of treatment for this ailment is to cure the afflicted skin and avoid symptom flare-ups. For a few, it might go away gradually with time, while others can have this issue for their whole life.

  • Anti-inflammatory topical corticosteroid eczema creams and ointments: These are anti-inflammatory drugs that should ease the major symptoms of eczema, such as irritation and itching. Prescription medications such as may be beneficial to certain persons.
  • Barrier repair moisturisers: These moisturisers aim to prevent water loss while also repairing the skin.
  • Phototherapy involves exposing oneself to UVA or UVB radiation. Moderate dermatitis can be treated with this treatment. Throughout the therapy, a doctor will keep a careful eye on the skin.
  • If topical therapies are unsuccessful, a doctor may prescribe oral drugs such as systemic corticosteroids or immunosuppressants. These can be taken as injections or pills. They should only be used for a few minutes at a time. It's also worth noting that if the person isn't currently on another medicine for the disease, stopping these pills may make the symptoms worse.
  • Topical calcineurin inhibitors: This medication reduces the immune system's activity. 
  • When it's cold outside, wear a warm cap that covers your ears.
  • Avoid scratching or rubbing your skin.

Take Away

Eczema in the ears is inconvenient and humiliating, and it may be dangerous if it affects your hearing. It might have a negative impact on your quality of life or make you self-conscious. It is, nonetheless, quite frequent and normal. You can lessen the effects of acne with a good skincare regimen and therapy. As soon as you discover indications of ear eczema, consult your doctor.