Skin Diseases in Females
Skin diseases vary greatly in symptoms and severity. They can be temporary or permanent and may be painless or painful. Some have situational causes, while others may be genetic. Some skin conditions are minor, and others can be life-threatening.
While most skin disorders are minor, others can indicate a more serious issue. Some common skin diseases in females are:
- Seborrheic dermatitis
In adults, seborrheic dermatitis could appear anywhere on the body. It is prone to flare up and disappear throughout life. The affected skin may appear reddish, swollen, and greasy. And a white or yellow crust may appear on the surface of the skin. Also, people with darker skin could notice that the scaling forms a flower-like shape. Some areas of the affected skin may appear darker or lighter than usual. Many treatments could efficiently help ease the symptoms. Treating seborrheic dermatitis largely involves using special shampoo and applying medicated cream to the affected skin
Rosacea commonly causes redness on the face. In people with dark skin, the affected area appears to be darker and warmer than the surrounding skin.
There are four subtypes, and these can cause other symptoms:
Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea may cause redness, visible blood vessels and flushing.
Ocular rosacea may cause redness and irritation of the eyes, swollen eyelids, what looks like a stye and the sensation that something is in the eye.
Papulopustular rosacea may cause swelling, an irregular appearance and breakouts that may look like acne.
- Phymatous rosacea causes thickening of the skin and a bumpy texture.
Unfortunately, there is no known cure for rosacea. Doctors resort to treating the symptoms with topical or oral anti-inflammatory medications.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder. Symptoms most often include itchy patches of skin with an unusual appearance. Areas of skin affected by psoriasis can vary in size and severity. In a person with white skin, the affected areas are typically red or pink with white scales. While people with dark skin have patches that are violet, grey, or dark brown. They could be more difficult to see.
There are five main types of psoriasis:
- Plaque psoriasis causes thick patches of skin.
- Pustular psoriasis causes pustules surrounded by skin that may be red.
- Erythrodermic psoriasis causes widespread areas that appear severely burned.
- Inverse psoriasis causes a shiny rash in skin folds, such as in the armpits or around the genitals.
Guttate psoriasis causes small spots on the scalp, face, torso, and limbs.
Doctors can treat the symptoms with various medications, including creams and ointments.
Eczema often develops early in childhood, but it can arise in adulthood as well. There are several types, including atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis. Eczema may cause rashes on or around the face, scalp, elbows, neck, wrists, ankles, or legs.
The rashes are very itchy and may become bumpy, change colour, or thicken. In adults, the rashes may cover more of the body, leading to widespread dry, itchy areas.
These symptoms may not be very noticeable in people with darker skin, compared with those who have lighter skin. However, in People of Color, eczema could cause discolouration, making the affected areas lighter or darker. This may last, even after the eczema symptoms are no longer present.
Unfortunately, there is no known cure for eczema. It may resolve on its own, but medications that relieve the symptoms are available.
Vitiligo is a disease that causes a loss of pigmentation. There are a few types, but vitiligo usually causes white patches to appear on the skin, mostly in areas exposed to sunlight.
People with vitiligo often lose their hair colour early, as well. Some people find that more areas of whiteness appear gradually, over many years. Since this condition affects pigmentation, it is typically highly evident in people with dark or tanned skin. There is currently no known cure for vitiligo, but a range of treatments are available, including light therapy and topical medicines. A person also has surgical options, and some alternative therapies may help, though scientists need to look further into their effectiveness.
Melanoma is one of the most serious types of skin cancer because it spreads most easily to other parts of the body. It can develop from a mole or another pigmented area of the skin. If any mole is asymmetrical, has ragged edges or uneven colour, or changes in size, let a doctor know. In people with darker skin, melanoma may be harder to see, so checking carefully is especially important. Remember to include the toenails and fingernails, as this type of cancer is more common in these areas for People of Color.
Some skin conditions are known to be harmless, while others can cause discomfort and distress, among other symptoms. It is important to remember that no one has to deal with their skin issues alone. Teaming up with a doctor, such as a dermatologist, can help ensure a correct diagnosis and the best possible treatment plan.