Human skin needs great care to look shiny and healthy. Nowadays many skin disorders are prevalent which make the condition of the skin worse if not taken care of.
Skin disorders can be categorized according to their symptoms and their severity.
Some are very painful, some are less noticeable. They can be permanent for lifelong periods or temporary to go away in 2-4 hours in nature.
They can be very rigid to go away if they are genetically transmitted while others are situationally introduced. Many skin conditions can be minor while others disorders fall into life-threatening categories.
Patients should visit a doctor if they have any one of these common skin disorders.
What Instigates Skin Disorders?
The most commonly known causes of skin disorders are:
- Skin pores and our hair follicles are filled with bacteria.
- Parasite, fungus, or other microorganisms lying on the skin
- Compromised immune system
- Came in contact with another infected person skin, irritants, or allergens
- Thyroid, kidneys, immune system illness
- genetic factors
Certain health conditions and other lifestyle factors contribute to the development of various skin disorders while numerous skin conditions have no known cause of their existence.
1. Hives ( Also known as Urticaria)
Hives are the commonly occurring welts that are areas that turn red, raised, and quite itchy which occur on your skin. The most commonly known causes are certain food, over medication, and bug bites.
Seek urgent professional help if hives on the body, throat, or with facial swelling covers a large area of your body as in some cases they affect your breathing too. Chronic urticaria may persist for several months or even years in some cases otherwise they usually fade away within 2 to 4 hours.
When things worsen you must consider taking OTC medication like antihistamines such as fexofenadine or loratadine to control itching.
Another drug named omalizumab got approval in 2014 which treats chronic urticaria effectively when antihistamines turn unresponsive.
Psoriasis with red, itchy, and scaly skin patches is an autoimmune disease that can get caught by anyone. Certain environments and times trigger this disease like during puberty psoriasis got worsen for girls and for women who have just become a mother or are in their menopausal stage.
Stress, hormone swings can flare up the disease to many folds. Ironically, the pressure to look glamorous flares up psoriasis in women.
The most common skin disorder that everyone in their lifetime has gone through is known as Acne. It is more prevalent in women than in men and looks more embarrassing on the face skin.
Any age but especially women in their 20s and 50s struggle in getting rid of Acne. When the oil and damaged skin cells clog the hair follicles it results in acne. Treatment varies for everybody.
Researchers found out that certain birth control pills help in getting rid of them. Especially after menopause when acne condition is not that severe then treatment can be gentle so treatment for everyone should be tailored accordingly.
No doubt about the saying preventing sunburn is much easier than treating it. Too much exposure to ultraviolet light either from the sun or from any lamp causes sunburn. Sunburn causes skin burning sensation, red, pain and at times may even peel the skin apart.
No standard data about how much time a person is exposed to the sun can prevent sunburn or for how much time a sunscreen will protect you from getting it. It is also important to note that repeated sunburns may become the cause of skin cancer later in your life.
We usually follow a 2 hours schedule to apply sunscreen but it is also important to stay out of the sun.
How To Treat A Sunburn?
The very first step in treating a sunburn is to stay out of the sun and seek shade to cool down the skin.
- Take a shower with mild soap.
- Apply an oil-free moisturizer or some aloe vera to shield your skin.
- Stay hydrated.
- If discomfort increases, take any NSAID like ibuprofen.
But remember do not scratch your body at all as this may lead to infection. If your condition worsens with chills, high fever, or severe burning sensation, Go and seek medical advice.
Rosacea is often seen in the middle ages which is a common skin condition. It makes the face so pimply and flashy. The growth that sometimes is very painful forms under the skin. As in the case of acne, Rosacea is also more common in women than men, especially during their menopause. Still, it needs to be studied what causes Rosacea. Also, menopause hot flashes in women trigger Rosacea's symptoms to a much greater extent.
Ways To Prevent Common Skin Diseases and Disorders
As earlier mentioned, genetically transmitted face skin disorders are hard to prevent. Additionally, those developed due to some other illness are also rigid to go away.
However, studies suggest that skin disorders are also preventable.
Path To Follow
Following these simple steps, you can prevent yourself from getting infected with certain Skin Disorders.
- Stay hygienic, frequently wash your hands
- Do avoid sharing your eating utensils and other drinking glasses with other members
- Before using public equipment, do clean them properly
- Avoid skin contact with other infected people
- Avoid sharing personal accessories like a comb, towel, hairbrushes, etc.
- Stay hydrated all day long
- Take at least a 7-hour nap
- Nutritious diet
- Get vaccinated
- Avoid stress
Learning about the procedure that follows for preventing yourself from getting skin disorder is the key to all skin problems. Do avoid anything that triggers these skin ailments. Regular yourself for proper body hygiene. You should see the doctor if conditions worsen to determine the best treatment for your skin health as all the skin issues can not be addressed at home.