What Is PCOD?
PCOD, which is a Polycystic Ovarian Disease, is a medical condition in which the ovaries of the woman produce partially mature or immature eggs in very large numbers, and with time these immature eggs convert into cysts in the ovaries. Due to this, the ovaries become large in size and start secreting large amounts of male hormones called androgens which cause irregular menstrual cycle, infertility, hair loss, and abnormal weight gain. PCOD can be controlled by changes in lifestyle and diet.
PCOD can be a blend of ecological factors and hereditary factors too. The medical diagnosis for the PCOD can be done on two out of three investigations which are higher androgen levels, no ovulation as well as ovarian cysts. Cysts can easily be detectable by ultrasound. The same sign can also be visible with other problems such as thyroid problems, higher blood levels of prolactin, or can be hyperplasia.
Until now PCOD does not have any cure for it. Treatment methods could include changes in your lifestyle like exercise as well as loss of weight. Some birth control medications available in the market can also help with the regularity of your menstrual periods, acne as well as excessive growth of hair. Metformin and other anti-androgens can also help your condition.
Additionally, some hair removal strategies and other acne breakouts treatment plans you followed can also be used. Some initiatives to enhance your fertility level consist of clomiphene, weight reduction or metformin. In vitro fertilization is also utilized in some cases where some other measures are not sufficiently informed by Dr. Swathi Mothe from the Indira IVF.
PCOD is known to be a typical endocrine problem that happens among ladies between the age groups of 18 and 44. It can affect about 2% to 20%. PCOD is among the most prevalent causes of infertility in a person.
PCOD can be a heterogeneous condition of various causes. It can be a hereditary disorder also. As the causes of PCOD are still unknown.
These can be some of the causes of PCOD:
- Low-grade inflammation
- Production of male hormones known as Hyperandrogenism
- Excess of insulin
- Unhealthy lifestyle
- Early age of menarche
Symptoms of PCOD
Here are some of the common symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Disorder..
- Irregular periods that occurred for every 2 to 3 months are called amenorrhea.
- Unusual facial and body hair growth called hirsutism
- Heavy bleeding is known as Menorrhagia.
- Severe acne conditions that can't be treated with usual treatments.
- Uncontrolled gain of weight around your waist area
- Pigmentation of the skin around the neck
- Male-pattern baldness
Either you can have one of these symptoms or all of these like a person with clear and healthy skin might be having PCOD.
Complications Associated With PCOD
Uncontrolled PCOD conditions can lead to multiple problems such as the risk of developing type 2 diabetes or even difficulty in conceiving. Those people who suffer from PCOS and become pregnant are at higher risk for perinatal complications such as pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes.
In addition, they can also have an increased risk of endometrial cancers.
Other complications associated with PCOD include
- Increased levels of cholesterol
- High blood pressure and
- Even breast cancer.
Treatment of PCOD
The cure for PCOD is yet to be determined. The disease can be controlled by making a change in your lifestyle along with a multidisciplinary approach that involves the gynaecologist, dietician, infertility experts, dermatologist, and endocrinologist.
The best way to manage and control PCOD symptoms is by ensuring proper weight management. Even as small as 5% weight reduction can help you a lot in treating the disease. Thus, PCOD patients must include exercise in their daily routine along with a healthy diet that should be low on carbohydrates and sugar. High fiber and high protein intake are most helpful for patients suffering from PCOD.
Difference between PCOD and PCOS
Many females might be confused about whether PCOD and PCOS are the same or different things. Both of these medical conditions PCOD AND PCOS are associated with hormonal imbalance and ovaries in women during their reproductive age that is between 12 to 51 years of age which depicts the same symptoms. Here are some key differences between PCOD and PCOS that every female should be aware of:
PCOD is common in occurrence as 10% of the world's women population are affected by PCOD.
While PCOS is somehow a serious medical condition of which around 0.2% to 2.5% of the world women's population is affected by it.
In PCOD ovaries start producing many immature or partially matured eggs due to poor lifestyle, stress, obesity, and other hormonal imbalance.
While PCOS is a more severe form of PCOD is a metabolic disorder that can lead to a condition where ovaries stop releasing eggs.
In PCOD women can still ovulate and can acquire pregnancy that does not affect fertility in a woman. With the help of some medication, women can easily conceive.
While PCOS seriously affects the fertility of women. Due to PCOS conditions, women cannot ovulate properly which makes them unable to get pregnant. If somehow they become pregnant, there is still a risk of premature delivery, miscarriage, or other complications in their pregnancy.
With PCOD conditions there are minimal complications.
PCOS has some serious complications such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, heart problems, and even endometrial cancer in the long term.
In both the conditions that are PCOD vs PCOS
- Healthy diet
- Avoiding processed food or junk foods
- Regular exercise
- And a positive outlook
have shown instant and effective results. If you can do an early diagnosis of the disease it will help in treating the conditions more effectively. You must consult a professional gynaecologist if symptoms such as irregular or skipped periods, acne, or there are hair growth on your face or your back start appearing.