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The Toxic Relationship Between PCOD & Weight

a woman holding her stomach in pain

What is PCOD?

PCOD is a polycystic ovarian disease that is related to hormonal imbalances where the two ovaries prematurely release the egg. These immature or premature eggs turn into cysts over time. PCOD is a hormonal disease and it affects the reproductive part of teen girls and young women when they are in their reproductive age. Many hormones in females interchange making complexity and hormone imbalance in women's bodies. These hormonal changes also turn into PCOS which is known as polycystic ovary syndrome.

PCOD is a medical condition and is related to weight gain, irregular menstrual cycle, abdominal cramps, hirsutism, boobs sore, etc. when having PCOD the ovaries become in big size and produces a huge level of male hormones in the body. And the egg which is produced is partially mature or not matured at all. There are multiple factors that lead to PCOD as having an unhealthy lifestyle, gaining weight, eating a large number of junk foods.

What is PCOD vs PCOS?

As described above PCOD is a metabolic and hormonal disorder or imbalance where the ovaries release immature eggs or partially matured eggs. Whereas PCOS is a metabolic disease of the endocrine system.

PCOD is not a serious issue and we can not typically call it a disease. Whereas PCOS is a serious hormonal disorder that requires proper treatment by doctors or any gynaecologist. In PCOS large amount of male hormones are produced which disturbed the ovulation process and cause multiple cysts issues in the ovaries which can further lead to infertility in women. PCOD can be treated with regular exercise and a good healthy diet.

Nearly 25% of women suffer from PCOD whereas PCOS is an illness or disease less number of women from PCOS than PCOD. PCOS affects the endocrine system which produces hormonal imbalance and causes hormonal deficiency. As hormonal imbalance is the symptom of many diseases it is not considered an illness or disease. Therefore PCOD is not considered as illness and considered as sequence or order of symptoms for further serious illness if not treated.

PCOD does not affect fertility in a woman, the woman who is engaged with PCOD remains fertile and does not face any trouble in conceiving a baby. They do not face any problems in pregnancy or pregnancy-related problems. They just need is to maintain good eating habits, having healthy foods, and also doing regular exercise make their hormonal imbalances at bay. Though they face sudden weight gain, irregular menstruation PCOD can be controlled but PCOS needs medications.

A woman who suffers from PCOS develops many complications related to pregnancy and conceiving becomes so challenging for a woman. Due to hormonal imbalances, the ovaries are not able to produce mature eggs on a regular basis. The woman who has PCOD is able to produce eggs and become pregnant.

The person suffering from PCOS faces many health issues like diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, etc. whereas PCOS does not result in health issues though you get obese or have unhealthy habits.

The symptoms of PCOS are abdominal weight gain, hair growth in large amounts on the body, acne, etc which can be noticeable in PCOS, whereas it is unnoticeable in PCOD.

Causes of PCOS and PCOD

  • PCOD or PCOS causes huge production of androgen hormone by ovaries. This overproduction of androgen causes hirsutism and acne.
  • As you know insulin hormone controls blood sugar levels, when the body cell becomes resistive to insulin production it produces huge amounts of androgen hormone. Androgen hormones are male hormones and excess male hormones lead to hirsutism or acne and also cause difficulty in ovulation.
  • Some causes are genetic.

Symptoms of PCOD / PCOS

Symptoms of these hormonal imbalances disease often vary from person to person, some are as follows:

  • Skin darkening 
  • Acne
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Hair thinning
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome 
  • Weight gain
  • Multiple cysts formation 
  • Skin tags

Menstruation, also known as periods, is normal vaginal bleeding that happens in every woman. Periods occur when the uterus sheds its lining when pregnancy does not happen. Periods are nothing but half-blood and half tissue of the uterus.

Causes of PCOD / PCOS

Some causes of this hormonal imbalance may be due to:

  • Sedentary lifestyle 
  • Increased level of androgen (male hormone)
  • Resistance to insulin level
  • Overweight 
  • Genetical 

PCOD / PCOS can further cause high blood pressure, high cholesterol, etc if not treated at an early stage. But PCOS can be more serious than PCOD as proper treatment is required.

The girl can be at the risk or danger of PCOS if-

  • She has sudden weight gain or weight loss
  • When she has thicker hair growth or thinning of hair
  • When she has more frequent or irregular periods
  • Dark skin patches
  • Much hair growth on the body parts

Treatments

If you have the above symptoms doctor would recommend you with some investigations and medical history and some tests to rule out the illness and also other diseases related to it. They would recommend a blood test, menstrual history, weight gain, and do some screening tests.

They would investigate androgen hormone levels and advice on dietary changes and exercise routines. An investigation by a doctor or gynaecologist is a must for depression and insulin level is a must if the illness is more severe and does not go away with the medicines and exercises.

PCOD and PCOS can be treated only by controlling obesity, diet, regular exercise, having a good and hygienic lifestyle.

Take Away

PCOD is a hormonal imbalance of the body and PCOS is hormonal balance in the endocrine gland which turns into many factors, thus PCOS is called an illness and has many risk factors like infertility, miscarriages, etc. Hence it is a must to see a doctor if any symptoms like irregular periods, excess hair growth in the body, and lower abdominal pain. Doing regular exercises and having a healthy diet can help you to prevent getting this illness and make you fit and fine.