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Red Rashes on Skin

a woman applying cream on her red rashes

What are rashes on the skin?

The rashes on the skin or skin rash is that skin part that is irritated, inflamed, and swollen. There can be many causes for skin rash which can be due to certain medications, allergens, and some environmental factors. Skin rashes can be like sore pimples, red itchy spots on the skin, small red spots on the skin that may be itchy or may not be itchy.

Skin rashes can be developed by themselves or due to some underlying cause. Some skin rashes may have small red spots that may not be itchy, some may flare up by themselves on hands and legs, and some on the face. The appearance of the skin rashes depends upon the skin conditions and may require some right treatments.

Our skin acts as a barrier and contains special cells for the immune response as these cells protect the body and skin from bacteria and viruses or any environmental condition. You have known dermatitis, this is also a type of skin rash. There are different types of dermatitis or skin rash. 

  • Eczema

Eczema or atopic dermatitis is a type of dermatitis that is dry, red, and an itchy skin rash that is generally found in small children. If you have come in contact with this type of skin rash, you need to always moisturize the skin, as people infected with eczema are more likely to get skin infections in their lifetime.

Some form of dermatitis like contact dermatitis cause blisters or bumps which are red and itchy and causes allergy, hence it is known as skin allergy as it comes in contact with the allergens and harms the immune system, and cause allergic reactions. Allergy can be caused by any products like lotions, creams, soap, or pets. You might have heard of poison oak that can cause allergic dermatitis produced by the stems and leaves of these plants. So whenever you touch this plant, washing your hands, clothes or any body part is a must as it can cause allergic reactions to your skin.

Usually, mild cases of skin rashes or dermatitis go away by themselves after a week or months. But if the rashes do not fade away by themselves, then always recommend a doctor or dermatologist and seek the required medication to have clear skin. The immune response of skin cells can also bacterial and viral infections on the skin and can cause itchy spots on the skin. You might also get skin rashes when getting side effects from some particular drugs or medicines. Those rashes may or may not be itchy on the skin.

  • Psoriasis 

Other skin conditions like psoriasis also cause red patches that may be developed by skin cells, the cause could be genetic or due to some environmental factors or due to activation of immune cells as psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder caused by some immune cells present in the skin.

  • Chickenpox

Chickenpox is the skin rash that usually causes blisters and is developed by the virus called the varicella-zoster virus. Chickenpox generally occurs in children under the age of 10 or 12. This is a contagious disease, though the vaccines are available care must be taken as these skin rashes can spread from one person to another.

  • Rubella

Rubella generally affects children and young people as it is a viral skin rash that causes red spots all over the skin and spreads like chickenpox as it is also a contagious skin disease. The symptoms are marked by red itchy rashes on the body with a sore throat, fever, swollen glands, and runny nose. Pregnant women affected by the rubella virus can cause birth issues in them.

  • Urticaria

Urticaria is also known as hives, it is the skin rash that causes itchy skin bumps and pale skin sometimes has a stinging sensation. Urticaria is caused by allergic reactions arising from foods or some illness or medications. Hives can develop anywhere on the skin of the body.

  • Heat Rash

Heat rashes are called prickly heat occurs as a rash when the sweat blocks the pores causing a stinging and burning sensation. And also small bumps develop on the skin when sweat gets blocked in the pores of your skin. Also, heat rash caused by chafing or due to friction of skin with the clothes you wear occurs in the underarms, groin area, neck, etc.

  • Rosacea 

Rosacea is a skin condition that causes inflammation and redness on the skin of cheeks, nose, forehead, chin. Skin bumps appear on the surface of the skin along with small red blood vessels. Rosacea generally occurs on the face, chest, ears, and scalp. As there is no cure for this skin condition, treatments or any medications can just minimize the symptoms of rosacea.

  • Impetigo

Impetigo is a type of skin rash that causes skin infection by the bacteria staphylococcus aureus appears as blisters of brown colour. Impetigo is a contagious skin disease. These skin infections can be treated by medications and applying antibiotics. 

Take Away

Skin is the main part of the body and can be affected by allergic reactions to foods, medicines, clothes, plants, or any environmental factors.