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How Can I Treat Chronic Skin Infections?

a woman scratching her hands due to skin infections

What is the definition of skin infection?

Skin is the largest organ of the body. In certain cases, the skin gets infected and also causes dry skin. There are different types of bacteria that cause skin infections. Mild infections may be treated with over-the-counter drugs and home remedies, but more serious infections may need medical care. Continue reading to discover more about skin infections and how to treat them.

What forms of skin infections are there?

Four distinct forms of skin diseases are listed below:

Bacterial skin infections 

Bacterial skin infections often start as tiny red pimples that gradually grow in size. Some bacterial infections are minor and treatable with topical antibiotics, while others need the use of an oral antibiotic. Bacterial skin infections include the following:

  • cellulitis
  • impetigo
  • boils
  • Hansen's disease (leprosy)

Skin diseases caused by viruses

A virus is responsible for viral skin infections. The severity of these illnesses varies. Virus infections may take a number of different forms, including:

roof shingles (herpes zoster)

  • chickenpox
  • Contagiosum Molluscum
  • warts
  • Measles
  • Hand, foot, and mouth disease 

Skin diseases caused by fungi

A fungus causes these sorts of skin diseases, which usually occur in wet parts of the body like the feet or armpits. Many fungal infections are not only infectious but are also life taking and life-threatening.

Types of fungal infections:

  • A foot of an athlete
  • Infection with yeast
  • ringworm
  • Fungus on the nails
  • thrush in the mouth
  • rashes on the diapers

Skin inflammation caused by parasites

A parasite causes these forms of skin illnesses. These infections may spread to the circulation and organs from the skin. Parasite infection isn't fatal, but it may be unpleasant. Examples of parasite infections:

  • lice
  • bedbugs
  • scabies
  • migrans cutaneous larva

Signs and symptoms of skin infections

A skin infection's symptoms differ based on the kind. Itching, soreness, and tenderness are some of the additional symptoms you may encounter.

If you have pus-filled blisters or a skin illness that does not improve or worsen, see a doctor. Infections of the skin may travel into the bloodstream. It may be life-threatening if this occurs. Symptoms of  infection:

  • pus
  • blisters
  • sloughing and disintegration of the skin
  • Necrotic skin that seems black and discoloured

What causes chronic skin infections? and what are the risk factors?

The kind of infection determines the cause of the infection. 

Bacterial skin infection: Bacteria enter the body via a breach in the skin, such as a cut or scrape. 

A weakened immune system might be the consequence of a disease or a drug side effect. The most prevalent viruses that cause viral skin infections are poxvirus, human papillomavirus, and herpes virus.

Fungal infection: The risk of a fungal infection is increased by body chemistry and lifestyle. If you're a runner or sweat a lot, for example, you can get an athlete's foot numerous times. Fungi thrive in warm, humid settings. Skin infections may be exacerbated by wearing sweaty or moist clothing. Bacteria may enter the deeper layers of the skin via a crack or cut in the skin.

Parasitic skin infection: A parasitic skin infection is caused by tiny insects or creatures burrowing under your skin and depositing eggs.

How can you know if you have a skin infection?

The easiest method to figure out what's causing a skin infection is to get a thorough medical examination. Doctors can usually tell what sort of skin infection you have based on how it looks and where it is.

Your doctor may inquire about your symptoms and inspect any lumps, rashes, or lesions using a magnifying glass. Ringworm, for example, often results in a circular, scaly rash. A sample of skin cells may also assist your doctor to pinpoint the kind of illness in certain circumstances.

Treatment for skin infection

Infection’s severity and source can determine the treatment. There are a few viral infections of the skin which can get cleared on their own in some days. Topical antibiotics applied directly to the skin or oral antibiotics are often used to treat bacterial infections. If the bacterium strain is resistant to antibiotics, the illness may need hospitalisation and intravenous medication.

Depending upon the skin type, one can also use a skin combo.

Alternative therapies and home care

A skin infection may be treated at home to alleviate symptoms. The following services may be provided in your home:

  • Itching may be relieved with over-the-counter antihistamines.
  • Reduce irritation and pain using topical creams and ointments.
  • Inquire with your doctor about your options.
  • The prognosis for skin infection is bleak.

A skin infection's prognosis varies depending on the aetiology. The majority of bacterial illnesses respond effectively to treatment. Bacteria that are resistant to standard antibiotics, such as methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), are more difficult to treat.

Take Away

There are a few things you may do to lessen your chances of getting a skin infection. One of the most effective methods is to wash your hands often. The severity of skin infections may range from minor to severe. If you have a skin issue that is bothering you, make an appointment with your doctor. Your doctor will be able to provide you with the therapy you need to get well.