Why Do Women Have Periods?

a woman holding a calender which has been marked for tracking her periods

Menstruation: What is that?

Menstruation is normal bleeding from the vagina which constitutes a part of a healthy period cycle for a woman.

Women used to have their natural life cycle every month on a particular schedule between the puberty age that is between 11 to 14 years and the age of 51 years that is the menopausal age. Between such age slots, women try for pregnancy.  Your ovaries release eggs when the lining of your uterus thickens.

If the pregnancy does not occur in the conceiving period then the progesterone and the estrogen level diminishes to a level in which your menstruation cycle starts.

During the menstrual cycle, the uterus sheds blood and along with it some issues that pass out in case pregnancy is not attained.

So the period that occurs on an average of 28 days with some tissues and bleeding usually happen for 4-5 days.

Why Do Women Have Periods?

The process of periods helps women in exiting the unwanted tissues. On some selected days of every month, your body resumes the capability of conceiving.

Uterus lining to nurture the released fertilized egg gets thicker. Those released eggs settle in the lining of the uterus to get fertilized.

This thicker lining of the uterus is not required at all when the egg is not fertilized so you do not want to get pregnant anymore in that cycle of the month. So no longer required that the thick lining of the uterus is being flushed out from the vaginal path along with some tissues. This cycle continues every month and repeats till you get pregnant.

Why Does Soreness Of Breasts Occurs?

Breast pain is usually categorized into two broad categories

  • Cyclic and
  • Non-cyclic

Cyclic pain of breasts occurs due to hormonal changes in the body and usually at regular intervals of time.

A rise in the level of Estrogen causes pain and swelling which result in stimulation of breast tissue in the latter half of your menstrual cycle. 

Among them, cyclic breast pain is the most common that occurs with premenopausal women. Some characteristics of cyclic breast pain are: 

  • It affects both the breasts
  • It usually appears around the same time of the month.
  • Feeling of lumpiness in the breasts

Now let's have a look at non-cyclic breast soreness. It has no connection with the menstrual cycle, as a result, it does not follow any particular pattern in its appearance. Noncyclic pain commonly affects only one breast and it can be intermittent or constant.

Menstrual Disorders

It is usually different for every woman in the intensity of variance they follow during their periods. You should seek trusted professional advice if you have the following symptoms : 

  • The Cyclic regularity that is you are having regular periods? Is it Irregular Or are absent?
  • For what duration do they occur? Short or prolonged 
  • In what volume your menstrual waste flows. Like light, Typical or Heavy...

Can my period be stopped?

As of now, no known method is been devised that can suppress your period cycle but according to a study conducted in  2014 and the news printed in 2014 article in the International Journal of Women’s Health, your periods can be suppressed by using various techniques such as: 

  • Hormone Shot: This is an effective method in fluctuating your fertility up to 22 months. In this way, you can suppress about 70%  chance of cycle suppression in about two years.
  • Birth Control Pills: Daily intake of birth control pills, for about a year there are  about  70 % chances of suppression of cycles 
  • Arm implant: After two years with a birth control implant in your upper arm, you suppress your menstrual cycle by about 20% in about after two years.

Not All Women Have Periods

Women to have a regular and stable menstrual cycle, the proper functionality of the following organ is of much need:

  • Eateries
  • Hypothalamus 
  • Pituitary gland
  • Ovaries

Why Periods Are Painful?

Period or Menstruation is a cycle of normal vaginal bleeding which constitutes her proper and stable monthly cycle. Dysmenorrhea is w name given to painful periods of women. This is one of the most irritable pain which is accompanied by the most throbbing pain symptoms in the lower part of the abdomen.

Period and PMS pain are not similar. Actually, PMS is accompanied by fatigue, bloating, weight gain and irritability, and other symptoms too. Another important difference is that PMS starts almost 1-2 weeks before the starting of your period.

Have A Look At The Causes Of Painful Periods 

There are mainly two types of  dysmenorrhea:

  •  Primary and
  •  Secondary Dysmenorrhea 

The major cause for primary dysmenorrhea is the production of certain chemicals by your uterus which in turn tighten and relax your uterus muscles which is the main cause of your stomach cramps. These cramps start some days before your period and do last for some days.

The other type of pain is secondary dysmenorrhea starts later in your lifetime. The main cause of this pain is certain conditions that affect your reproductive organs like the uterus. And with time things turn out even worse. It continues even after your period's end and starts even before the period starts.

Symptoms Of Period Cramps

Now let's see what are the symptoms of your period cramps:

  • The throbbing pain in the lower abdomen 
  • Pain before, during, and after your period.
  • Pain in the thigh and lower back
  • Body ache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Upset stomach 

What can I do about period pain?

There are certain medically prescribed methods for easing the period pain:

  • Do some light exercise 
  • Use a heating pad for your lower abdomen
  • Have a hot bath
  • Do some meditation and try yoga.
  • Try some OTC pain killer

Always consult some trusted health care professional if you are in some doubt about the symptoms.

Take Away

The period is a process that occurs naturally for making your body prepare for pregnancy. 

If in any case, you experience some irregularities in your menstrual cycle then do consult some trusted gynaecologist.