a woman examining red spots on her skin

Signs & Symptoms of Red Spots on Skin

Red Spots on Skin

Red spots are visible on your skin for many reasons and it is very hard to identify what is the cause for the underlying disease. Infection, allergy, or any other medical condition causes red spots on the skin.  Skin irritation can occur as like acute and chronic infection. Some red spots need medical treatment and some red spots go away by themselves. Some red spots need medical attention hence it is important to consult a dermatologist. There are many signs and symptoms that may seek medical attention to identify.

The red spots on the skin have few signs and symptoms and may show some underlying disease:

1. Heat Rash:

Heat rash is also known as miliaria causing small, red, prickly bumps that are itchy or painful are caused when sweat glands or pores get blocked when you sweat during exercise or other physical activities. It occurs on areas of skin like armpits, back, arms, and chest where sweat collects together forming small lumps filled with clear liquid and is red.

These red bumps feel itchy and painful. These are red itchy spots on the skin that usually happen in a hot and humid climate. Such type of red spots goes away or resolve by themselves when you take precautions like wearing loose clothes, having cold showers, and using light moisturizers.

2. Pityriasis rosea:

Pityriasis rosea is inflammation caused on skin and starts with large red spots on the chest or back having small ring-shaped spots affecting adults as well as teens. These red spots are lamellar and itchy. The symptoms include sore throat, headache, fever, and also itching that gets worse with time in a hot climate. This infection clears up on its own. Furtherly if symptoms do not go away then it can also be treated with antihistamine and antiviral drugs.

3. Cherry Angiomas:

A cherry angioma is a small, tiny cluster of blood vessels that is non-cancerous and appears to be round, red, and purple spots on the arms, scalp, legs, and torso. These are small red spots on the skin and do not need any treatment and go away on their own. This can also be removed for cosmetic reasons.

4. Contact dermatitis:

Contact dermatitis is a skin condition that occurs when the skin comes into contact with an allergen or irritants. Contact dermatitis occurs when you touch something that is harsh or allergic to your skin. The symptoms include swelling, redness, burning, itching, hives, blisters, and scaling on the skin. Contact dermatitis goes on its own but if it does not then it can be treated with antihistamine drugs.

5. Ringworm:

Ringworm is also known as tinea corporis is a red and uneven spot on the skin and has raised circular border. Ringworm is a fungal skin infection but is not painful. It causes flaky skin and peels it off. Ringworm does not go on its own as it's highly contagious and easily spreads by skin-to-skin contact. Ringworm also gets transmitted to pets by skin contact. Antifungal medications are needed to get rid of ringworm as it is contagious and easily get transferred from one person to other.

6. Swimmer’s itch:

Swimmer’s itch appears as an itchy, red spot that is caused by microscopic parasites found in contaminated water and has an allergic reaction. When people swim in this contaminated water they get infected with this infection called a swimmer’s itch. Swimmer’s itch is non-contagious and can be treated with topical steroids and antibiotics. 

7. Blood Spots:

Blood spots are red spots that appear as small or large patches when blood vessels underneath the skin burst out. They cause blood clotting disorder which can be more serious.

8. Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema):

Atopic dermatitis is also known as eczema is a chronic skin condition that appears red itchy scaly red spots found underneath the skin near elbows, neck, ears, wrists, etc. This skin condition generally appears in children and women. This skin infection can be genetic or may be caused over the counter by the immune system. Atopic dermatitis that eczema is an itchy and painful red spot. In this infection, the skin appears dry, cracked, and red. And can be treated with antibiotics and antihistamines.

9. Psoriasis:

It is an autoimmune skin disorder. This causes scaly, itchy red spots on the skin of elbows, knees, scalp. This disease can be initiated by stress, infection, and other environmental factors. The spot is red, and an itchy silver surface occurs on the skin. This skin condition is both genetic and environmental and can be treated by topical steroid creams, and UV light therapy.

10. Pimples (Acne Vulgaris):

Pimples are also known as acne vulgaris. These are red spots on the face, chest, and upper back and are inflamed spots forming blocked pores which are blocked by dead skin cells and bacteria. This can be mild as well as severe acne. Mild acne can be treated at home whereas severe acne known as cystic acne requires medical treatment prescribed by dermatologists.

Take Away

There are different types of red spots on the skin caused by various reasons. This is caused by bacteria, viruses, and other autoimmune factors. Some red spots on the skin are itchy painful and some are not painful but are red spots and go on their own some red spots need medical attention and can be treated with antibiotics and other antihistamine drugs.