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Dark Spots: Causes, Symptoms & Remedies

a woman examining her dark spots by looking at the mirror

Dark Spots

Many things can make your skin tone uneven like age spots or even freckles and age spots. This unevenness makes people try various skin lightening products but the thing is that these products are not the same in their composition nor have the same effect on your skin tone. Sometimes they also have allergic reactions to your skin. So be very cautious about which product to use and what your skin concern is.

Dark spots or hyperpigmentation can appear due to over sun exposure, acne scars, or hormonal fluctuations. 

Dark spots on your skin are nothing to worry about either, they do not need any treatment. Still, people prefer to treat them to look more glamorous. 

Symptoms Of Dark Spots

Dark spots can be different in appearance from dark brown to even light brown as it completely depends upon your skin tone. These dark spots appear of the same texture as that of skin and are completely painless.

Dark spots develop on the part that is exposed to the sun and vary in size.

Such areas include: 

  • Face
  • Back of the hands
  • Shoulders
  • Back

Causes of Dark Spots

Now let's have a look at different causes of dark spots: 

Sun Damage

They are also known by the names solar lentigines, liver spots, or sunspots. People can develop these dark spots after being exposed to tanning beds or the sun. Such areas include hands, arms, and faces that are more exposed to the sun and are prone to dark spots.

Hormonal Changes

Small patches of skin discolouration are known to be a skin condition called Melasma. This is a common situation that occurs mainly in women during their pregnancy. It is stated that melasma can be triggered by your hormones.

Medication Side Effects

By having some medicines, one can have a sudden rise in skin pigmentation that is ultimately followed by dark spots. The most common triggers are tetracyclines, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and some psychotropic medicines.

Inflammation

When the skin gets inflamed due to many reasons then dark spots start filling the spots. The various reasons for Inflammation of the skin are psoriasis, eczema, acne scars, or injury to your skin.

Wound Healing

After having some burn, insect bites or cut heals, dark spots remain in place which will fade away with time.

Irritation

Some medications or any skin or cosmetic products lead to skin irritation causing dark circles to form.

Diabetes

Also due to diabetes skin tends to become much darker, with shin spots or velvety skin than the surrounding areas. 

How To Get Rid Of Dark Spots?

Although no treatment is required for dark spots, certain people would want to have a fair complexion. 

To have them removed you can visit a trusted dermatologist who can prescribe you certain serums, creams, or some medicines to lighten your complexion, and also some procedures to even remove them which can be much more expensive and are more likely to cause some side effects.

Treatment depends upon:

  • Cause
  • Which area of the body?
  • Size of dark spot

Some treatments that a dermatologist would prescribe can be: 

Laser Treatment

There are various laser categories floating out there to treat dark spots effectively of which an intense pulse light laser is the most effective. The laser targets melanin spots and disintegrates the dark spots.

With the use of  laser for skin lightening, you can have:

  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Swelling
  • Tightness
  • Scaring and
  • Infections

Microdermabrasion

During the process of microdermabrasion, an abrasive surface device is used by the dermatologist to exfoliate the upper layer of the skin which tends to push the collagen growth and reduce the dark spots.

Chemical Peels

Applying a solution to your skin that easily exfoliates your skin gives a push to the new skin formation and gradually fades away the dark spots on your skin. 

Chemotherapy

The process to injure the dark spot by freezing the spot using liquid nitrogen is called cryotherapy. This injury later healed to a new lighter skin. 

Skin Lightening Cream

These creams work effectively by bleaching your skin to give you a fair complexion. It is a time-consuming procedure that takes several months to heal.

Here we are discussing Saturn's Alpha Arbutin for Dark Spots with the active ingredients in it with their benefits:

  • Alpha Arbutin: It decreases the visibility of sunburn, dark spots, or tanning also the quantity of melanin in the skin. It also brightens and evens the skin tone and complexion and gives you a more youthful appearance. 
  • Kojic Acid: This is used to lighten the age spots, sun damage, and scars. This dark spot remover is also found useful as an anti-aging product while also found very effective in skin lightening. With its exfoliating qualities, it removes the dead or damaged skin and gives you more youthful and toned skin.
  • Aloe Vera extract: used for hydrating the skin and relieving you with itchy, dry, red, and rashes on your skin and is high in vitamin E & Vitamin C with beta-carotene. It has anti-bacterial, anti-aging, and anti-inflammatory properties. This alpha-arbutin face serum for dark spots aids in the reduction of skin redness and inflammation. 
  • Hyaluronic Acid: It helps in minimizing the appearance of wrinkles or fine lines. It also helps in enhancing hydration and brighter skin tones.

Take Away

By examining your symptoms of dark spots on your skin, your doctor will prescribe you the proper treatment procedure.

There is a Wood's lamp skin exam which can be performed by a professional dermatologist that emits black light to view the spot.

In some cases, it is also to be checked whether the spot is associated with more serious skin concerns like skin cancer.